Estate & Trust Litigation During Probate, Estate Administration

 Probate & Estate Litigation in New Jersey

Is your family fighting over an estate or trust? You may be embarrassed to say “yes,” but the truth is, you’re not alone.

Maybe you are a beneficiary who feels you are getting the runaround from an executor, trustee, or personal representative. Your calls and/or your letters are ignored, and even more upsetting is that you haven’t received the money/inheritance you were promised.

Sometimes delays in administering an estate in probate are reasonable, caused by alleged questionable circumstances surrounding the creation and execution of the will or trust, such as whether the deceased person had the legal capacity (understanding) to make a will or maybe the misuse of the power of attorney by the agent prior to death.  Perhaps there are claims of undue influence, conflict of interest, and self-dealing being made. An experienced NJ will contest and an estate dispute attorney can analyze and address questionable circumstances in a timely and effective manner before, during, or after the probate, and estate administration process.

Client Testimonial

I knew I needed an attorney, but could I afford one? Would he or she be experienced and someone I could trust and talk to openly and in confidence?
I was referred to Fredrick P. Niemann. I was warmly greeted and my appointment promptly kept. I was given all the time I needed to ask questions and talk about my needs and concerns. I was quoted a fee that was appropriate and reasonable for my matter. My attorney gave me answers and advice. He was a counselor at law and in life. Calling Fredrick P. Niemann was the right decision.

—Nick Alfano, Morganville, NJ


Can You Contest a Will in NJ?

The fact that a person leaves a will does not guarantee that his or her estate will be distributed according to the expressed terms of the will. A court will generally provide an opportunity for individuals with claims to object to the will, and a challenge may be brought by anyone who feels the will is inaccurate or invalid. These types of cases are emotionally charged, so it is important to find an attorney with whom you feel comfortable and who has the knowledge and experience to handle the case.

At Hanlon Niemann and Wright, we have decades of experience litigating tough family disputes. We are experienced trial attorneys with an extensive background in probate law and litigation. In any dispute, we first try to mediate the disagreement in a practical and responsible way, preferring mediation and conciliation where possible consistent with our client’s goals and instructions.


Frequently, heirs and excluded family members object to even the best-made wills and trusts and conflicts can arise before or during the administration of an estate or a trust. There are many types of disputes that can arise. Here are a few examples:

As a matter of law, everyone has the right to dispose of his or her property as they wish, without consideration for the wishes or opinions of family, friends or anyone else. Yet will contests are still filed to set aside a will or trust. A person contesting an estate plan must prove that at the time documents were signed, the deceased person lacked the mental capacity (meaning lacked understanding), or that the will or trust was procured as the result of undue influence, fraud or duress. Also, some wills or trusts are invalid because they were not properly executed. For example, wills are supposed to be signed before two witnesses, except for a holographic will written (yes, laterally handwritten) by the testator (the person whose will it is). If a witness(es) signed the will after the fact and did not actually see the decedent sign the will, then the will may be thrown out as invalid.

When this happens, if there is a valid prior will or trust, the court will go back to the earlier document and distribute the decedent’s estate in the manner the earlier document(s) specify. If there is no valid prior will or trust, then the decedent’s estate will pass through probate as if he or she died without a will at all, meaning he or she died “intestate”.  Read about dying intestate here.

Sometimes a will or trust will contain a “no contest” clause designed to discourage lawsuits and courtroom contests. This means that if you are an heir and you contest the validity of a will and you lose, then you may be disinherited by operation of the no-contest clause.  Many no contest clauses are not enforceable in NJ, but some are. The case must be carefully evaluated.

Actual Client Testimonials


I was in a panic. My fiancée passed away and I was named as a beneficiary of a valuable piece of real estate in Hudson County, New Jersey under his Will. Adding to my grief was the decision of the Executor to ignore the language of his Will and then he refused to convey ownership of the real estate to me.

What were my rights? What could I do? I called various people for a referral to an attorney experienced in probate litigation. Mr. Niemann was recommended to me and immediately he took charge. He filed a lawsuit against the Executor and aggressively fought for me throughout the legal process. He would not compromise or settle for less than I deserved under the Will. A trial took place and Mr. Niemann tried the case for me to the end. He was prepared and his office and associates offered tremendous assistance to me and Mr. Niemann in getting the case ready for trial.

Today, I am the owner of the property my fiancee intended for me to have. I cannot say enough good things about my experience with Mr. Niemann and his very capable office.

—Noreika Sanderson, Weehauken, NJ and New York City, NY



Executors and trustees owe a fiduciary duty to the heirs and beneficiaries of the decedent. A fiduciary duty consists of a duty of good faith and fair dealing, and a duty of diligent service to the estate. A fiduciary must always consider the best interests of the trust or estate before his or her interests. When an executor or trustee wrongfully profits from his or her position, they have breached their fiduciary duty. A failure to safeguard trust or estate assets that causes a loss of economic value to the heirs and beneficiaries is a breach of fiduciary duty. The heirs and beneficiaries damaged as a result can file a lawsuit against the executor or trustee. Under some circumstances, the executor or trustee can be held personally liable for the loss.



Trustees and executors have a duty to keep all estate assets separate and identifiable and to account to the beneficiaries for all monies coming into and going out of the estate’s hands. For probate estates, the court will not allow probate to end until a satisfactory accounting is complete. If the trustee of a trust fails to provide a proper accounting, the beneficiaries can file a petition seeking a court order compelling the trustees to do an accounting. Trustees who fail to properly account for their actions may be removed by the court.

The court will order executors and trustees to account if they do not do so unless all of the beneficiaries agree to waive such an accounting. If the executor or trustee has failed to keep records, or if they have failed to keep estate property separate from their own, a breach of their fiduciary duty is presumed.



Frequently, people make promises they never keep. Some of these promises relate to wills and trusts, such as what a parent verbally promises their child upon their death is not found in a will. When a promise isn’t fulfilled, it is possible in NJ to enforce what the courts call a “Contract to Make a Will.”

As a general rule, agreements to make a gift of property after death must be in writing. If it is not in writing, such agreements are often unenforceable, but not always. There is, however, one exception to this rule and that is where the person to whom the promise was made changed his or her position in reliance upon the promise and suffered economic detriment as a result when the promise was not fulfilled.

Here is an example to illustrate when a Breach of Contract to Make a Will in NJ would apply:

Mom promises to one of her daughters that if she moves in and cares for her at home for the rest of her life, then that daughter would inherit the home. The daughter agrees. She gives up her job, sells her home and takes care of her mom around the clock for two years, giving up opportunities for employment and social life. But after Mom’s death, the daughter discovers that her mother’s will divides the entire estate, including the home between all six children. In this case, the daughter may have a valid claim against her mother’s estate for a breach of contract.


Fredrick P. Niemann Esq.

After reading this page do you think time spent with Fredrick P Niemann Esq., will be helpful? If so, and to speak with an experienced, knowledgeable estate dispute and will contest attorney, call Fredrick P. Niemann toll-free at (855) 376-5291 or email him at to set up a consultation at your convenience.  He is easy to talk to, very approachable and will explain your options in plain, simple English.