Appeal Law in New Jersey

Lost your case? Feel like justice failed you?
Do you want to understand the ins and outs of filing an Appeal?

Then read about filing or defending against a civil or administrative law decision with an appeal in New Jersey from an experienced Appellate Attorney at Hanlon Niemann & Wright

Background Information About Filing an Appeal in New Jersey

You just got a really bad decision. The Judge was clearly wrong, or even worse uninformed, unprepared or biased against your case. Maybe your attorney let you down or important evidence was not considered. Perhaps you failed to answer a complaint or lawsuit against you in time and a default judgment has been entered and you’re being subpoenaed to disclose your income and assets. What do you do?

First thing, call Fredrick P. Niemann of Hanlon Niemann & Wright and take immediate action to protect your rights to appeal. The longer you delay, the less the appellate attorneys at Hanlon Niemann & Wright can help you. Ask for Mr. Niemann personally toll-free at (855) 376-5291 or e-mail him at


Fred is an amazing and dynamic person. I have attended a few of his workshops and CEU events over the years and his interactive discussions have been both educational and entertaining. He is one of the few lawyers out there that I do trust and does whatever he says he is going to (Accountability) whoever I have referred his way has always thanked me for connecting them and this is why I continue to work w/ Fred. Great person, excellent ethics, and very knowledgeable. I highly recommend him.

Steve Weiss, Regional Director of Professional Relations, Senior Bridge

How do you Appeal a Judgment or Court Decision? – First You Must File a Notice of Appeal

An appeal from a judgment or decision of a New Jersey court begins by filing and then serving a Notice of Appeal from a final judgment. The appeal has to be served upon all the parties who appeared in the case and also by filing the Notice of Appeal with each appropriate court with jurisdiction.

In addition to filing the notice of appeal, there are other filings required under the New Jersey Rules of Court including a Case Information Statement (CIS), etc. If the appeal is taken directly from a decision or action of a governmental agency (i.e., NJ Department of Environmental Protection or Department of Treasury) or an officer of that agency, you must serve the Notice of Appeal to that agency and/or the designated official of that agency.

Complying with the Time Limitations Required by Court Rule for Filing an Appeal from a Judgment, Order, Decision, or other Action Taken.

An appeal from a final judgment or decision of a New Jersey court must generally be brought within 45 days of its entry. Appeals from final decisions or actions of state administrative agencies or officers must also be taken within 20-45 days (the 20-45 day appeal period varies by state agency and department with the agency) from the date when you are notified of the decision or the action taken by the agency. The 20-45 day appeal period starts to run when the judgment or order is entered. It generally does not start on the date the oral or written opinion was decided. While court rule(s) provides for a 45 day period of appeal in Superior Court civil cases, that time period is subject to being reduced, or extended on application to the court by a party.

NOTICE: THE TIME LIMIT(S) TO FILE AN APPEAL CAN VARY. Do not rely on the 20-45-day standard cited here. Instead, seek formal legal advice in writing by an attorney licensed in New Jersey.

Appeals from Final State Administrative Agency Decisions. Applicability of the 45-day rule. There is a significant distinction between certain types of government agency decisions vs. judicial decisions in terms of the right to appeal. Quasi-judicial governmental agency actions are generally (but not always) subject to a 20 day or 45-day rule which requires a timely filing of an appeal. There is, however, no time limit to challenge the substantive (substantive is used here to generally describe the “legality and enforceability” of a state agency rule or regulation) validity of a New Jersey agency rule or regulation. Aside from the issue of characterizing whether the appeal is from a quasi-legislative or quasi-judicial judgment (which will not be discussed here on this page), our courts have declined to impose the 45-day limit if the issue raised involves questions of constitutionality and an important public question or issue.

Requesting an Extension of Time to File an Appeal When You are Late

The time within which an appeal may be taken can be extended by the court(s) but requires the filing of a timely motion to file a late appeal in accordance with the rules of court:

To an Appellate Court (including the Superior Court – Law Division), a showing of good cause and the absence of prejudice may extend the time for an appeal for not more than 30 days, but only if the notice of appeal is served and filed within the time as extended.

Appeals to the Superior Court (Law Division) have tended to be considerably more lenient in recent years although “good cause” remains unlikely to include mere negligence or lack of attention to detail as a basis for an extension of time to appeal.

Not sure how or when you must file an appeal from a decision made in your case? Then contact Attorney Fredrick P. Niemann, Esq. at Hanlon Niemann & Wright.

Fredrick P. Niemann Esq.

Contact him personally today to discuss your appeal matter. He is easy to talk to, very approachable, and can offer you practical, legal ways to handle your concerns.

You can reach him toll-free at (855) 376-5291 or e-mail him at